Treatment success for infantile hemangioma: Associated therapy is better
To investigate the efficacy and safety of combined therapy with adrenergic beta-antagonist and lasers in infantile hemangiomas (IH). A search of Pubmed, Cochrane, Embase, Wanfang Date, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure) and CBM (China Biology Medicine) databases was conducted to identify studies that examined response to combined therapy with adrenergic beta-antagonist and laser in IH patients. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) in random-effects or fixed-effects models were calculated with Review Manger 5.3. Efficacy of combined therapy with oral propranolol and lasers was significantly better than that of propranolol (OR 5.79, 95% CI 2.52-13.31, P < 0.00001) or lasers (OR 5.09, 95% CI 3.04-8.54, P < 0.00001) alone. Combined therapy with topical timolol and lasers was more effective than topical timolol (OR 3.71, 95% CI 2.46-5.59, P < 0.00001) or lasers (OR 10.92, 95% CI 1.90-62.70, P = 0.007) alone. We did not observe statistically significant differences of adverse reactions between combined therapy with oral propranolol and lasers and propranolol (OR 1.09, 95% CI 0.64-1.84, P = 0.75) or lasers (OR 0.83, 95% CI 0.28-2.50, P = 0.74). The incidence of adverse reactions in combined therapy with topical timolol and lasers and monotherapy with topical timolol therapy (OR 0.50, 95% CI 0.14-1.80, P = 0.75) or lasers (OR 0.29, 95% CI 0.06-1.55, P = 0.15) has no significant difference. The average treatment duration of combined therapy may be shorter than that of monotherapy. Combination therapy of adrenergic beta-antagonist and lasers on IH is significantly more effective than monotherapy, while the safety of combination therapy was not significantly higher than that of monotherapy.